Publications

Showing 10 Publication(s)
LLRC Implementation Monitor: Statistical and Analytical Review No. 4

This report is Verité’s latest study on the Sri Lankan government’s commitments on reconciliation and accountability. The report assesses progress in the fulfillment of 36 commitments made in UNHRC Resolution 30/1 (co-sponsored by Sri Lanka) and in the implementation of 189 recommendations of the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC).

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Are Sri Lanka’s exports to India over dependent on concessions?

Sri Lanka’s exports as a share of GDP has declined from 33% in 2000 to 13% in 2015. One of the solutions has been to diversify Sri Lanka’s markets. This is because over 50% of Sri Lanka’s exports go to the EU and the United States; and India and China absorb only 7% and 2.9% respectively. A previous Verité Insight titled “Solving dilemma of export diversification” pointed out that the bottleneck might not be in a narrow set of markets, but in a narrow set of products. Over 50% of Sri Lanka’s exports are Apparel and Tea, and the markets Sri Lanka accesses are appropriate to these products. Therefore, solving the export problem requires giving attention to diversifying products as well, not just the markets. The present analysis looks at the success of product diversification with regard to exports to India – signaling both a diversification from traditional markets and traditional products. This success in diversification, however, conceals some vulnerability. A majority of the products Sri Lanka is exporting to India are overly dependent on preferential trade terms with India – so they succeed only in India. This makes them vulnerable on two counts: the reversal of preferences, or the…

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Economic mismanagement is a governance problem – it needs governance solutions

Elected officials and selected bureaucrats are given a huge amount of power to act on behalf of the public – modern democracies function on this basis: that citizens hand over their power to elected representatives. But how can citizens then protect themselves against those individuals misusing that power? This is the perennial problem of governance. The simple answer that is given to this question of governance, is “elections” – that elections ensure the displacement of politicians who violate the public trust, and thus create political incentives for better behaviour. This Insight provides an example, which explains why the answer cannot be that simple – the behaviour of officials during elections can both abuse public trust, as well as benefit these officials politically. As such, other governance solutions are needed.

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සර්ව පාක්ෂික නියෝජිත කමිටුව: ව්‍යවස්ථාමය සම්මුතියකට ප්‍රවේශයක්

බලය බෙදාහැරීම පිළිබද දේශපාලනික සම්මුතියක් නියෝජනය කෙරෙන ව්‍යවස්ථා ප‍්‍රතිසංස්කරණ යෝජනාවලියක් සකස් කිරීම සදහා හිටපු ජනපති මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ විසින් 2006 ජූලි මාසයේ දී, සර්ව පාක්ෂික නියෝජිත කමිටුව කැදවන ලදී. මෙතෙක් ජාතික ගැටලුව සදහා සුදුසු පිළිතුරක් ලබා ගැනීමට නොහැකිව කෙළවර වුනු රාජ්‍ය ප‍්‍රයත්නවල නවතම පියවරයි.

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Electoral Reform in Sri Lanka: Mixed-Member Proportional System

This report examines the key features and functions of a Mixed-Member Proportional (MMP) electoral system that needs to be considered when engaging in electoral system reform. It provides recommendations that address the President’s election campaign promises on electoral reform. It further reveals the MMP system as the only electoral system that can adequately fulfil the twin imperatives of reintroducing smaller single member (and several multi member) electoral districts and preserving proportional representation (PR) in voting outcomes as outlined in President Maithripala Sirisena’s Election Manifesto

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Trade in Services: Unearthing the devil in the details

Sri Lanka is negotiating an Economic and Technological Cooperation Agreement (ECTA) with India. It envisages liberalising trade in services. The lack of information on what is being negotiated has fueled speculation on the outcomes. A previous Verité Insight titled “Trade in Services: Sri Lanka needs to pull up its socks” pointed out, with reference to current Trade Agreements (TAs) of Sri Lanka, that the devil is really in the details – not the concept itself. This Insight attempts to unearth the devil in the details (pitfalls and opportunities) by a quantitative and case analysis of India’s trade agreement with Japan. Explaining at the outset some of the trade related terminology will help to unpack the implications.

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Trade in Services: Sri Lanka needs to pull up its socks

Two previous Verité Insights titled “Sri Lanka missing world’s biggest trade party and its in her backyard” & “Trade Agreements that don’t deliver the goods” published in May and June 2013 pointed out that Sri Lanka is well behind her Asian neigbours in entering into trade agreements, and that those entered into were also deficient. This Insight shows that this is even more so the case with agreements that go beyond trade in goods to cover trade in services. This observation does not give a green light to ETCA (Economic and Technical Cooperation Agreement with India). but it does provide some context. Even though ETCA type agreements is ‘new territory’ for Sri Lanka, many of its neighbors in Asia have been quite vigorous in entering into such goods and services agreements in the last decade. The current debate on ECTA is around whether Sri Lanka should go ahead with the agreement or not. However, the important question to ask is what costs and benefits could accrue to Sri Lanka, and how that can be managed by the scope and structure of the agreement. Whether a trade agreement is beneficial or not depends greatly on those details. The experience with existing…

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