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දර්ශකයකට අනුව දුම්වැටි බදු අයකරන්නට කටයුතු කලොත්, 2020 දී, රජයට රුපියල් බිලියන 20ක අමතර ආදායමක්

කෝවිඞ් -19 වෛරසය පැතිරීම අවම කිරීම සඳහා ගෙන ඇති ක‍්‍රියාමාර්ග හේතුවෙන් ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා රජය අයවැය හා ආදායම් අර්බුදයකට මුහුණ දී තිබේ. මෙම අර්බුදයේ බොහෝ අවාසි පැවතුනත්, මෙම තත්ත්වය, ඇතැම් පාර්ශවකරුවන්ගේ අභිලාෂයන් අනුව කටයුතු කිරීමෙන් ඈත් වී, දුම්වැටි බදු ක‍්‍රියාත්මක කරන ආකාරය ක‍්‍රමවත් කිරීමට රජයට හොඳ අවස්ථාවක් ලෙස භාවිත කල හැකිය. මෙම විශ්ලේෂණය පෙන්වා දෙන්නේ ලංකාවේ දුම්වැටි බදු සහ මිල ගණන් ඉහල දැමීම, රාජ්‍ය මුල්‍ය කළමනාකරණ මුල ධර්ම වලට අනුකුලව සිදු වී නොමැති බවයි. රට රාජ්‍ය මුල්‍ය අර්බුදයකට මුහුණ දී තිබෙන අවස්තාවක උදාවන, මැයි 31 වන දිනට යෙදී තිබුන ලෝක දුම්කොළ විරෝධී දිනය අපට සිහිපත්කර දෙන්නේ දුම්වැටි බදු ක‍්‍රමානුකුලව ඉහල දැමීමට අසමත් වීම ශ‍්‍රී ලංකාවේ ආර්ථික ප‍්‍රතිපත්තියේ බරපතල අසාර්ථකත්වයක් බවයි.

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The new Ministers of Finance: Will their budget keep its promises?

Analysis of past budgets reveal large deviations between budgeted allocations and actual expenditure. This shows that expectations set by the government during the budget speech are not honoured. This Insight analyses budgeting on social services and the rural economy to demonstrate the extent of deviations in promised allocations and actual expenditure. Results suggest that when precise expenditure is not tangible, it is easier to renege on budget promises.

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Fixing Sri Lanka’s Revenue Problem is a Priority

Taxes are the key source of government revenue. Normally, tax share as a percentage of GDP is expected to increase as per capita GDP rises. This Insight shows that in Sri Lanka, this is not the case; the country’s per capita GDP has been rising but the tax to GDP ratio has been falling. Sri Lanka needs to improve its tax revenue to ensure that the government has enough money to spend towards welfare and growth while not running the risks of high budget deficits and debt levels. The example of Georgia in the last decade points to a significant opportunity to reverse this puzzling and strangling trend.

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Budget 2013 : Increasing Assistance and Vulnerability

Sri Lanka Budget 2013 : Increasing Assistance and Vulnerability presents an analysis of the contradictory nature of the Budget 2013 through increased assistance to the poor, while at the same time increasing their vulnerability. The analysis of Budget 2013, rather than reiterating the general criticisms reported in the press, presents an in-depth analysis of how the Budget 2013 actually represents a retreat from the welfare state and the impact of the ever increasing defense budget. It further addresses the viability of the measures introduced for the assistance of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), the extent of executive domination of the Budget, the inconsistency of the Budget with the Constitution and the feasibility of the macroeconomic targets set in this Budget.

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Sri Lanka Budget Report 2012

The report summarises Sri Lanka’s macroeconomic environment, analysing the 2012 budget and providing a comparative study of government expenditure. It finds that the focus of government expenditure has shifted from funding welfare activities to funding infrastructure projects. It also considers the amount of government budget allocated under the executive presidency, inconsistencies in taxation policy and a summary of government expenditure and revenue.

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